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ACER's Research

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ACER's remit has expanded and ACER is now part of the new National Center of Excellence for Research in the Intermodal Transport Environment (RITE) – Same team, larger mission

For the latest on ACER' R&D see our highlights and updated list of publications

Also see ACER in the News section of the outreach page

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Various capabilities of team members
The ACER team has access to an extensive range of lab and other facilities,such as Purdue's aircraft (bottom image).

On this page, you will find details of the ACER CoE's research and development activities, funded by the FAA and our industrial partners. Starting in March 2005, ACER has received its initial round of research funding from the FAA (previous FAA funds were for startup and management).

Overviews

Annual Report

ACER Highlights
Provides an update on ACER's current activities, including recent progress on all ACER activities (updated periodically)

Download an overview of ACER
PDF file - opens in a new window
Includes an overview of initial research projects funded by the FAA

Clickable Research Org. Chart
Opens in a new window
Includes brief project descriptions

 

Click to open project org chart in a new window

Projects Approved for FAA Funding

Links point to PDF files and open in a new window. Where no link is present, please check back, as we expect to have more information posted soon.

Project 1
Ozone in Passenger Cabins


Project 2
Exposure and Risks of Pesticides On-Board Aircraft

Project 3
Cabin Pressure Effects*


Project 4
Incidents
(joint project with OHRCA)

Project 4a
Filters


Project 5 New
In-Flight Measurements

Project 6
Contaminant Transport

Project 7
Sensors

Project 8
Decontamination

Project 9 New
Infectious Disease Transmission
 

 

Evaluation of AeroClave's system

ACER has begun preliminary work on evaluating AeroClave's decontamination system, which uses heat and controlled humidity. AeroClave is an ACER industry partner, located in Orlando, FL. The purpose of this ongoing work is to determine the ability of AeroClave's system to produce uniform air and surface temperatures, as well as to control humidity throughout the cabin, cargo bay and ductwork, so as to permit destruction of viruses without inducing damage to the aircraft. For the evaluation, ACER selected the location of 40 thermocouples and humidity sensors, which are arranged and rearranged in various patterns throughout the cabin, cargo area and accessible regions of the ducts of a DC9 at AeroClave's Orlando site. The locations shown are just examples. From top left: AeroClave's system, hookup to aircraft, thermocouples: on co-pilot yoke, on first class seat bracket, inside gasper duct, under coffee pot, in economy class seat pocket and on cargo bay roof.

*
Red blood cell LifeART image copyright 2006 Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins, all rights reserved.

Publications and Presentations

  1. "Development of a Standard for Aircraft Air Quality"
    Invited Presentation
    Byron W. Jones
    Contaminated Air Protection Conference (Coordinated by the British Airline Pilots Association)
    Imperial College, London, UK
    April 20 – 21, 2005
  2. "Materials Compatibility for Whole Airliner Decontamination"
    Invited Presentation
    William F. Gale
    Microscopy and Microanalysis '06
    Navy Pier, Chicago, IL
    July 31, 2006
  3. "Effects of Ozone Chemistry and Outside Air Supply on Passenger Self-evaluation of Symptoms during 4-hour Exposures in a Simulated Aircraft Cabin"
    Peter Strøm-Tejsen, Gyöngyi Tamás, Danuta Mykow, Julita Zarzycka, Pawe Wargocki and Charles J Weschler
    Healthy Buildings 2006, Lisbon, Portugal
    session on "Air quality during transport"
    June 2006
  4. "PTR-MS Identified Products of Ozone-initiated Chemistry during 4-hour Exposures of Human Subjects in a Simulated Aircraft Cabin"
    C.J. Weschler, A. Wisthaler, G. Tamás, P. Strøm-Tejsen, D. Myskow and J. Zarzycka
    Healthy Buildings 2006, Lisbon, Portugal
    session on "Air quality during transport"
    June 2006
  5. “Prediction of Particle Transport in Enclosed Environment”
    Q. Chen and Z. Zhang
    China Particuology, 3(6), 364 – 372, 2005
  6. "On the Use of Reconfigurable Hardware in Sensor System Integration for Airliner Cabin Environment Research"
    Sin Ming Loo
    MAPLD 2005
  7. "ASCENT: Airliner Sensor and Cabin Environment NeTwork"
    Sin Ming Loo, John Owens, Arlen Planting, Mike Martin, JingXia Wang, Mike Logue, Matt Murdock, Derek Ramussen
    2006 International Conference on Wireless Networks
  8. "Selection of Sensor Technologies
    for Further Evaluation or Implementation
    Part 1: Chem.–Bio. Sensors"

    William F. Gale, Barton C. Prorok, Hyacinth S. Gale, Aleksandr Simonian, Dong–Joo Kim, Jong–Wook Hong, Zhongyang Cheng, Chad M. Callender and Nofrijon Sofyan
    Sin Ming Loo, Yeong E. Kim, P. Low and Ronald R. Reifenberger
    March 2006
    (Release requires FAA permission)
  9. "Selection of Decontamination Technologies for Further Evaluation or Implementation"
    William F. Gale, Barton C. Prorok, Hyacinth S. Gale, Nofrijon Sofyan, James M. Barbaree and W. Charles Neely
    June 2006
    (Release requires FAA permission)
  10. "Electrochemical Detection of Tricresyl Phosphate"
    A.L. Simonian, G. K. Vertelov and W.F. Gale
    210th ECS Meeting, Cancun, Mexico
    November 2006
  11. "A Carbon Paste Electrode for TCP Detection"
    A.L. Simonian, G. K. Vertelov and W.F. Gale
    58th South East Regional Meeting American Chemical Society (SERMACS 2006) Augusta, GA
    November 2006
  12. "A Review of Sensor Technologies for the Detection of Harmful Chemical and Biological Agents On-Board Commercial Aircraft"
    B.C. Prorok, W.F. Gale, H.S. Gale, A. Simonian, D.–J. Kim, J.–W. Hong, Z.-Y. Cheng, C.M. Callender and N. Sofyan
    S.M. Loo, Y.E. Kim, P. Low and
    R.R. Reifenberger
    Proceedings of the 4th International Aviation Security Technology Symposium
    135 – 141, 2006
    Washington, DC
  13. "TCP Electrochemical Detection"
    A. Simonian, G. Vertelov and W. Gale
    ECS Transactions - Volume 3(10), Chemical Sensors 7, 21 – 34, 2006
  14. "Field Evaluation of Whole Airliner Decontamination Technologies"
    William F. Gale
    January 2007
    (Release requires FAA permission)
  15. "The Influence of Ozone on Self-Evaluation of Symptoms in a Simulated Aircraft Cabin"
    Peter Strøm-Tejsen, Charles J Weschler, Pawel Wargocki, Danuta MySkÓw, Julita Zarzycka
    Journal of Exposure Science and Environmental Epidemiology, In press, 2007
  16. "An Evaluation of the Feasibility of. Whole Airliner Decontamination"
    Invited Presentation
    W.F. Gale, H.S. Gale, B.C. Prorok and N.I. Sofyan
    IFPAC OnSite-07 Conference
    Baltimore, MD
    January 28 – 31, 2007
  17. "Comparison of Large Eddy Simulation Predictions with Particle Image Velocimetry Data for the Airflow in a Generic Cabin Model"
    C.H. Lin, T.T. Wu, R.H. Horstman, P.A. Lebbin, M.H. Hosni, B.W. Jones and B.T. Beck
    HVAC&R Research, 12(3), Special Issue, 935 – 951, September 2006
  18. "Review of the Draft ASHRAE Standard for Air Quality within Commercial Aircraft"
    B.W. Jones
    The Annual Aviation Health Conference November 2 – 3, 2006
    London, UK
  19. "The Need for Standards in the Evaluation of the Applicability to Civil Aviation of Chem.–Bio. Sensors and Decontamination Technologies"
    W.F. Gale, H.S. Gale and B.C. Prorok
    To be Published in the Proceedings of the Third Safety Across High Consequence Industries Conference
    St. Louis, MO
    March 13 – 15, 2007
  20. "Comparison of Different Ventilation Systems for Commercial Aircraft Cabins"
    T. Zhang and Q. Chen
    Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Indoor Air Quality and Climate (Indoor Air 2005), Vol. IV, 3205 – 3210
    Beijing, China
  21. "Particle Dispersion in a Room with Under-floor Air Distribution"
    Z. Zhang and Q. Chen
    Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Indoor Air Quality and Climate (Indoor Air 2005), Vol. III, 2373 – 2378
    Beijing, China
  22. "Experimental Measurements and Numerical Simulations of Particle Transport and Distribution in Ventilated Rooms"
    Z. Zhang and Q. Chen
    Atmospheric Environment, 40(18), 3396 – 3408, 2006
  23. "A Comparison of Predicting Particle Transport in Indoor Environment by Eulerian and Lagrangian Methods"
    Z. Zhang and Q. Chen
    The 8th Healthy Buildings Conference (Healthy Building 2006), Vol. V, 67 – 72, Lisbon, Portugal
  24. "Ultrasensitive Detection of 2,4-Dinitrotoluene Using Ag Nanoparticle Modified HEPA Filters and Surface Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy"
    T. Wu and C. Shannon
    58th South East Regional Meeting American Chemical Society (SERMACS 2006) Augusta, GA
    November 1 – 4, 2006
  25. "New Materials for Analytical
    Chemistry"

    Invited Presentation
    C. Shannon et al.
    7th Annual Electrochemistry Days
    Hacettepe University
    Ankara, Turkey
    June 29, 2006
  26. "Novel Air Distribution Systems for Commercial Aircraft Cabins"
    T. Zhang and Q. Chen
    Building and Environment, 42(4), 1675 – 1684, 2007
  27. "Numerical Investigation of Decontaminant Delivery Strategies in a Commercial Aircraft Cabin"
    X. Chen and Q. Chen
    To be Published in the Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Air Distribution in Rooms (ROOMVENT 2007)
    Helsinki, Finland
  28. "Optimizing Contaminant Sensor Locations in a Twin-aisle Aircraft Cabin"
    T. Zhang, Q. Chen and C.H. Lin
    To be Published in the Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Air Distribution in Rooms (ROOMVENT 2007)
    Helsinki, Finland
  29. "Impact of Moving Bodies on Airflow and Contaminant Transport Inside Aircraft Cabins"
    S. Mazumdar and Q. Chen
    To be Published in the Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Air Distribution in Rooms (ROOMVENT 2007)
    Helsinki, Finland
  30. "Evaluation of Various CFD Models in Predicting Room Airflow and Turbulence"
    Z. Zhang, J.Z. Zhai and Q. Chen
    To be Published in the Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Air Distribution in Rooms (ROOMVENT 2007)
    Helsinki, Finland
  31. "Experimental and Numerical Investigation of Airflow and Contaminant Transport in an Airliner Cabin Mock-up"
    Z. Zhang, X. Chen, S. Mazumdar, T. Zhang and Q. Chen
    To be Published in the Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Air Distribution in Rooms (ROOMVENT 2007)
    Helsinki, Finland
  32. "Response of Contaminant Detection Sensors and Sensor Systems in a Commercial Aircraft Cabin"
    S. Mazumdar and Q. Chen
    To be Published in the Proceedings of the 10th International IBPSA Conference (Building Simulation 2007)
    Beijing, China
  33. "Identify contaminant Sources in Airliner Cabins by Inverse Modeling of CFD with Information from a Sensor"
    T. Zhang and Q. Chen
    To be Published in the Proceedings of the 10th International IBPSA Conference (Building Simulation 2007)
    Beijing, China
  34. "Validation of Fast Fluid Dynamics for Room Airflow"
    W. Zuo and Q. Chen
    To be Published in the Proceedings of the 5th International Symposium on HVAC
    (ISHVAC 07)
    Beijing, China
  35. "Identification of Contaminant Sources
    in Enclosed Environments by Inverse
    CFD Modeling"

    T. Zhang and Q. Chen
    Indoor Air
    Accepted for Publication
  36. "Comparison of the Eulerian and Lagrangian Methods for Predicting Particle Transport in Enclosed Spaces"
    Z. Zhang and Q. Chen
    Atmospheric Environment
    Accepted for Publication
  37. "Computer Modeling of Multiscale Fluid Flow and Heat and Mass Transfer in Engineered Spaces"
    Q. Chen, Z. Zhai and L. Wang
    Chemical Engineering Science
    Accepted for Publication
  38. "Detection of Bacillus Anthracis Spores Using Magnetostrictive Microcantilever-based Biosensors"
    L. Fu, S. Li, K. Zhang and Z.-Y. Cheng
    Proceedings of the MRS 2006 Fall Meeting
    Boston, MA
    November 27 – December 1, 2006

    MRS Proceedings, Volume 951E, "Nanofunctional Materials, Nanostructures and Novel Devices for Biological and Chemical Detection", Editors: C. Li, A. Zribi, L. Nagahara and M. Willander.
  39. "Detection of Bacillus Anthracis Spores in Water Using Biosensors Based on Magnetostrictive Microcantilever Coated with Phage"
    L. Fu, S. Li, K. Zhang, Z.-Y. Cheng and J. M. Barbaree
    Proceedings of the SPIE Defense and Security Symposium
    Orlando, FL
    April 9 – 14, 2007

    Proc. of SPIE, Volume 6556, 19-1 - 19-9,
    "Micro(MEMS) and Nanotechnologies for Defense and Security", Editors: T. George and Z. Cheng.
  40. "The Challenge of Detecting Harmful Chemical and Biological Species on Commercial Aircraft"
    Invited Presentation
    B.C. Prorok, W.F. Gale and H.S. Gale

    First Biological Sampling and Detection Symposium
    Richmond, VA
    April 30 – May 2, 2007
  41. "Ozone-Initiated Chemistry in an
    Occupied Simulated Aircraft Cabin"

    Charles J. Weschler, Armin Wisthaler, Shannon Cowlin, Gyöngyi Tamás, Peter Strøm-Tejsen, Alfred T. Hodgson, Hugo Destaillats, Jason Herrington, Junfeng (Jim) Zhang and William W Nazaroff
    Environmental Science & Technology
    Environ. Sci. Technol., 41(17), 6177 – 6184, 2007
  42. "Ozone Consumption and Volatile Byproduct Formation from Surface Reactions with Aircraft Cabin Materials and Clothing Fabrics"
    Beverly K. Coleman, Hugo Destaillats, Alfred T. Hodgson and William W Nazaroff
    Atmospheric Environment, 42, 642 – 654, 2008
  43. "Factors Affecting Ozone Removal Rates in a Simulated Aircraft Cabin Environment"
    Gyöngyi Tamás, Charles J. Weschler, Zsolt Bakó-Biró, David P. Wyon, Peter Strøm-Tejsen,
    Atmospheric Environment, 40(32), 6122 – 6133, 2006
  44. "Ozone Levels in Passenger Cabins of Commercial Aircraft on North
    American and Transoceanic Routes"

    Seema Bhangar, William W Nazaroff, Shannon Cowlin, Brett Singer, Richard Sextro
    Environ. Sci. Technol.,
    Submitted for Publication, 2007
  45. "Magnetostrictive Microcantilever as an Advanced Transducer for Biosensors"
    Liling Fu, Suiqiong Li, Kewei Zhang, I-Hsuan Chen, Valery A. Petrenko and Zhongyang Cheng
    Sensors, 7, 2929 – 2941, 2007
  46. "Airliner Cabin Environment Research Overview, Part 1 – Health Related Topics
    W.F. Gale
    The Fifth Triennial International Fire & Cabin Safety Research Conference
    Atlantic City, NJ
    November 1, 2007
  47. "Airliner Cabin Environment Research Overview, Part 2 – Chem.–bio. Response Related Topics"
    W.F. Gale
    The Fifth Triennial International Fire & Cabin Safety Research Conference
    Atlantic City, NJ
    November 1, 2007
  48. "Field Evaluation of Whole Airliner Decontamination Technologies for Narrow-body Aircraft"
    William F. Gale, Hyacinth S. Gale and Jean Watson
    FAA Technical Report DOT/FAA/AM-08/2,
    January 2008
  49. "Field Evaluation of Whole Airliner Decontamination Technologies - Wide-Body Aircraft With Dual-Use Application for Railcars"
    William F. Gale, Hyacinth S. Gale and Jean Watson
    FAA Technical Report DOT/FAA/AM-08/4, February 2008
  50. "Influenza Virus in Human Exhaled Breath"
    M. P. Fabian, J. J. McDevitt, W. H. DeHaan, R. O. P. Fung, B. J. Cowling, K. H.Chan, G. M. Leung and D. K. Milton
    The International Conference on Emerging Infectious Diseases, 2008
    Atlanta, GA
    March 16 –19, 2008
  51. "The Effect of Vapour Phase Hydrogen Peroxide, as a Decontaminant for Civil Aviation Applications, on the Microstructure, Tensile Properties and Corrosion Resistance of 2024 and 7075 Age Hardenable Aluminium Alloys and 304 Austenitic Stainless Steel"
    William F. Gale, Nofrijon I. Sofyan, Hyacinth S. Gale, Mobbassar H. Sk, Shi-Feng Chou, Jeffrey W. Fergus, Curtis G. Shannon
    Materials Science and Technology
    Accepted for Publication, 2008
  52. Various conference presentations and papers and journal articles by the ACER team will be added

Projects Planned for the Near Future

None planned at this time.

Current ACER partners can obtain more information in the partner-only section of this site (requires logon).


Duplication of material on this site requires
permission of the ACER team (see contacts)
This page last updated on March 19, 2008

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